Mary Pullen (convict) and son Henry

Convicts in Australia


Mary Pullen (nee Denyer) was born on 7 September 1768 in London, England.

She was baptised on 21 September 1768 at Egham, Surrey to parents Edmund Denyer and Mary Sanders.

She married James Pullen on 22 Oct 1789 at St George the Martyr, London, England. It is unknown when James died, or if he tried to come out to Australia.



Mary was firstly indicted for, that she, on the 15 January 1806, feloniously, knowingly, willingly, and without lawful cause, having in her custody and possession, a certain Bank note for the payment of one pound. Pleaded guilty, Sentence transportation for 14 years.

She was again indicted for disposing of putting away, publishing a banknote, several accounts for same offence. No evidence provided by prosecution,  sentence outcome acquitted of this charge. Online trial at Old Bailey here.

She was convicted at the Middlesex Gaol Delivery for a term of 14 years on 15 January 1807 and was contained in Newgate Prison, London and then sent to the convict transportation ship, being one of 113 female convicts transported on the ship “Sydney Cove”, in January 1807. There were four male convicts aboard.

She left Falmouth, England on 11 January 1807 and arrived in Sydney, Australia on 18 June 1807, and appears in the Convict Musters on 18 June 1807.

In Jan 1810 she applied for a mitigation of her sentence, and on 28 February 1811 she was granted a Certificate of Freedom.

She appears in the 1819 Population Muster, Mary Pullen, Sydney Cove, widow.

She appears in the 1822 NSW census – Pullen, Mary, free by servitude, Sydney Cove, 7 years, housekeeper, with Pullen, Eliza, (meant to be Eli) came free, Sydney Cove.

She was granted land on 30 June 1823, “all the piece or parcel of land lying on the west side of Pitt Street, Sydney”.

She died in Campbelltown, Sydney on 30 January 1830, and is buried at St Peters, Campbelltown, NSW.

It cannot be proven if Mary’s son Henry Pullin was born either in England before she was transported, or in Sydney not long after she arrived in the colony. I’ve been unable to find a baptism in England for him. 

On the 1828 NSW census he is listed as age 26, but he was born in the colony, so it must have been after 1806. On further census records he states he is born in the colony.

In the 1822 NSW census Henry is living in Liverpool and working as a carpenter.

He is given a 60 acre land grant in Camden, NSW in 1823 and also appears in the NSW population book for Liverpool the same year under the name Ely.

He appears in the Colonial Secretary’s papers in March 1822  on a list of persons receiving an assigned convict. He is assigned Patrick Gogan who arrived in NSW on the “Surrey”.

By 1825 he is residing at Minto and is a carpenter to Mr William Mannix.

Sarah Pullin (nee Toft)


On 15 Mar 1825 he married Sarah Toft at St Johns, Parramatta.

Sarah is the daughter of convict James Toft (1758-1813) and Elizabeth Mobbs (1771-1850).




They have eight children together –

  1. Anne 1827-1827
  2. Martha 1831-1847
  3. William Toft 1834-1917
  4. Sarah Elizabeth 1837-1875
  5. Henry b 1839
  6. Ellen 1842-1905
  7. Mary Ellen b 1842
  8. Jane 1845-1847

In 1828, he is living with his wife Sarah Toft, and his mother Mary Pullen at Upper Minto.

Burial place of Sarah Pullin (nee Toft)


Sarah Pullin (nee Toft) died on 30 April 1864 in Avisford, NSW. Her occupation is stated as a housekeeper.

She is buried at Hargreaves, NSW.

Henry died in 1868 at Liverpool.